Overview of port to Next.js from Gatsby

Built with Next.js

Overview of port to Next.js from Gatsby

by John Vincent


Posted on November 18, 2020


nextjs-johnvincent.io Lighthouse Scores

Live Deployment

Next.js johnvincent.io is deployed to a Digital Ocean Droplet.

Technical

For details of the migration, see Migration of johnvincent.io to Next.js from Gatsby

This implementation is a port to Next.js of johnvincent.io, which was built using Gatsby

The intention is to build the website in the Next.js and React world. A more suitable design will follow shortly.

johnvincent.io

Client

Production Deployment

Deployment Overview

For extensive discussions regarding www.johnvincent.io, please see Overview of johnvincent.io website

Website Validation Reference

Update

Update the OS, please see Maintaining Ubuntu Droplet

Upgrade Ubuntu Node V8 to V10

Uninstall node

sudo apt-get remove nodejs
sudo apt-get remove npm

sudo apt-get update

sudo apt-get upgrade

Install Node V8

curl -sL https://deb.nodesource.com/setup_10.x | sudo -E bash -
sudo apt-get install -y nodejs
which node
/usr/bin/node

which npm
/usr/bin/npm

node -v
v10.23.0

npm -v
v6.14.8

Add Subdomain

Add subdomain, please see Configuring Google Domains

Add

Type: A
TTL: 1h
Data: 104.236.194.244

for each of

www.nextjs
nextjs

Verify subdomains

dig www.nextjs.johnvincent.io
dig nextjs.johnvincent.io

Configure HTTP Nginx

For details, please see Configure non-SSL Nginx

cd /var/www
sudo mkdir -p nextjs/html/.well-known

Create index.html

sudo vi /var/www/nextjs/html/index.html
<html>
    <head>
        <title>Welcome to nextjs!</title>
    </head>
    <body>
        <h1>Success! The server block is working!</h1>
    </body>
</html>

Permissions

sudo chown -R jv:jv /var/www/nextjs/html
cd /var/www/nextjs/html
find . -type d -print0 | xargs -0 chmod 0755
find . -type f -print0 | xargs -0 chmod 0644

Server block

sudo vi /etc/nginx/sites-available/http/nextjs
server {
  listen 80;
  listen [::]:80;

  server_name nextjs.johnvincent.io www.nextjs.johnvincent.io;
  root /var/www/nextjs/html;
  index index.html;

  location / {
    try_files $uri $uri/ =404;
  }
  location ~ /.well-known {
    allow all;
  }
}

Enable Server Block

sudo ln -s /etc/nginx/sites-available/http/nextjs /etc/nginx/sites-enabled/nextjs

Restart Nginx

sudo nginx -t
sudo systemctl restart nginx

Test from browser

http://www.nextjs.johnvincent.io
http://nextjs.johnvincent.io

SSL Certificates

sudo letsencrypt certonly -a webroot --webroot-path=/var/www/nextjs/html -d nextjs.johnvincent.io -d www.nextjs.johnvincent.io

Create

/etc/nginx/snippets/ssl-nextjs-johnvincent.io.conf

ssl_certificate /etc/letsencrypt/live/nextjs.johnvincent.io/fullchain.pem;
ssl_certificate_key /etc/letsencrypt/live/nextjs.johnvincent.io/privkey.pem;

Configure HTTPS Nginx

For details, please see Configure SSL Nginx

cd /etc/nginx/sites-available/https
sudo vi nextjs
server {
    listen 80;
    listen [::]:80;
    server_name nextjs.johnvincent.io www.nextjs.johnvincent.io;
    return 301 https://www.nextjs.johnvincent.io$request_uri;
}

server {
    listen 443 ssl http2;
    listen [::]:443 ssl http2;
        include snippets/ssl-nextjs-johnvincent.io.conf;
    include snippets/ssl-params.conf;

    server_name nextjs.johnvincent.io;
    return 301 https://www.nextjs.johnvincent.io$request_uri;
}

server {
    listen 443 ssl http2;
    listen [::]:443 ssl http2;
    include snippets/ssl-nextjs-johnvincent.io.conf;
    include snippets/ssl-params.conf;
    include h5bp/basic.conf;

        root /var/www/nextjs/html;
    index index.html;

    server_name www.nextjs.johnvincent.io;

   location / {
      try_files $uri $uri/ =404;
    }

        location /protected {
            auth_basic           "Protected";
            auth_basic_user_file /etc/nginx/.htpasswd; 
        }
    location ~ /.well-known {
         allow all;
    }
    location = /feed.xml {
        types        { }
        default_type "application/rss+xml";
    }
    location /junk {
        try_files $uri =503;
    }

        location ~*  \.(svg|jpg|jpeg|png|gif|ico|css|js|pdf)$ {
      add_header Cache-Control "max-age=31536000";
      access_log off;
  #   expires 30d;
    }
}

Enable Https

cd bin
./enable-https

Test from Browser

http://www.nextjs.johnvincent.io
http://nextjs.johnvincent.io

https://www.nextjs.johnvincent.io
https://nextjs.johnvincent.io

All show the simple index.html file that was created earlier.

Test SSL Certificates

Ensure all scores are A+

https://www.ssllabs.com/ssltest/analyze.html?d=nextjs.johnvincent.io
https://www.ssllabs.com/ssltest/analyze.html?d=www.nextjs.johnvincent.io

SSH to Github

For details, please see SSH to Github

Deployment Script

bin/deploy-nextjs-app

#!/bin/sh
#
#  script to get, build and deploy Nextjs to nginx
#
# setup ssh to github
#
echo "setup ssh to github"
eval "$(ssh-agent)"
ssh-add -k ~/.ssh/id_github
#
cd
cd tmp

#
CLONES_DIR="/home/jv/clones/nextjs-website"
DOCROOT_DIR="/var/www/nextjs/html"
#
echo "Forcing sudo access"
sudo chmod 0755 $DOCROOT_DIR

echo "Removing clones directory $CLONES_DIR"
rm -rf $CLONES_DIR
#
echo "Creating clones directory $CLONES_DIR"
mkdir $CLONES_DIR
cd $CLONES_DIR
#

echo "Git clone desired repositories to $CLONES_DIR"
git clone git@github.com:johnvincentio/nextjs-website $CLONES_DIR

echo "Make the Nextjs app"
cd $CLONES_DIR
#
echo "Npm install the Nextjs app $CLONES_DIR"
npm install
#
echo "Make Nextjs app production"
npm run production

#
# Delete files in nginx docroot
#
echo "Delete files in Nginx Docroot"
rm -rf $DOCROOT_DIR/*
#
# Copy files to nginx docroot
#
echo "Copy files to Nginx Docroot"
cp -r $CLONES_DIR/out/* $DOCROOT_DIR

#
# set permissions
#
echo "Setting permissions on $DOCROOT_DIR"
sudo chown -R jv:jv $DOCROOT_DIR
sudo chmod 0755 $DOCROOT_DIR
find $DOCROOT_DIR -type d -print0 | xargs -0 chmod 0755 # For directories
find $DOCROOT_DIR -type f -print0 | xargs -0 chmod 0644 # For files

echo "Restarting Nginx"
nginx-restart

#
echo "Completed"

Deploy

cd
cd bin
./deploy-nextjs-website

Test

https://www.nextjs.johnvincent.io/