Git Cheat Sheet

Quick Git Reference

Git Cheat Sheet

by John Vincent

Posted on January 22, 2017

Put in one place those pesky Git options.

Git is a distributed version control system (DVCS), also known as decentralized. This means that every developer has a full copy of the repository, which is hosted in the cloud.

Git Options

Other guides:

Git commands

Some very common requirements

Create local repository

git init
git add .
git commit -m "Message"

git status
git branch
git remote add origin{my-github}/{new-repo}.git
git push -u origin master
git remote -v
git log

Usual edit cycle

git add .
git commit -m "Message"
git push

git log

git log
git log --pretty=oneline
git log --graph --date-order -C -M --pretty=format:"<%h> %ad [%an] %Cgreen%d%Creset %s" --all --date=short
git log --pretty=format:'%h %ad | %s%d [%an]' --graph --date=short
git log --all --decorate --oneline --graph
git log --graph --abbrev-commit --decorate --date=relative --all
git log --author="johnvincentio"

Clone repository

git clone url - Clone repository

Add remote repository reference

git remote add origin{my-github}/{NEW_REPO}.git

Push files to remote repository

git push -u origin master

Verify remote repository

git remote -v

change to new remote:

git remote set-url origin{github-user}/{github-project}

Show the origin file of each config item.

git config --list --show-origin

Clone Branch

Clone master

git clone{github-user}/{github-project}

Clone branch

git clone -b feature_1{github-user}/{github-project}

Create Feature Branch

Choose a feature branch name that is descriptive, for example:


Create a feature branch

cd {git-project-directory}
git checkout -b feature_1

Push to remote

git push origin feature_1

or may need

git push -u origin feature_1

Edit on Feature Branch

  • Create your feature branch git checkout -b feature_1
  • Commit your changes git commit -am 'Add some feature'
  • Push to the branch git push origin feature_1
  • Merge or Create a new Pull Request

Pull Request

  • make changes to feature branch
  • git status to show the changes
  • git add .
  • git commit -m "feature changed"
  • git push origin feature

From the Github repository

  • Pull Requests

Should now see feature had recent pushes less than a minute ago.

  • Click Compare and pull request

which opens a pull request.

  • Add a comment
  • Create pull request

Notice some pending checks.

Notice some pending checks.

The github pull request:

  • will now show all checks have passed.
  • Add a comment to the pull request.
  • Click Comment
  • Click Merge pull request
    • Click Confirm merge

Should now see Pull request successfully merged and closed

Merge Feature Branch

Ensure feature branch is committed.

cd {git-project-directory}
git status

Switch to master branch

git checkout master

Merge feature branch into master

git merge feature_1

Push to remote master

git push origin master

Delete the feature branch

git branch -d feature_1

git diff

Compare local with remote

git difftool
git diff
git diff develop feature1001

git diff - Show differences

git diff HEAD - Show difference between working directory and last commit.

git diff --cached - Show difference between staged changes and last commit

git push origin HEAD - A handy way to push the current branch to the same name on the remote.

git push origin HEAD --dry-run - used to try push, do everything except actually send the updates.

git reset

git reset - Reset staging area to match most recent commit, but leave the working directory unchanged.

git reset --hard - Reset staging area and working directory to match most recent commit and overwrites all changes in the working directory.

git reset <commit> - Move the current branch tip backward to , reset the staging area to match, but leave the working directory alone.

git reset --hard <commit> - Same as previous, but resets both the staging area & working directory to match. Deletes uncommitted changes, and all commits after .

git rebase

git rebase -i <base> - Interactively rebase current branch onto . Launches editor to enter commands for how each commit will be transferred to the new base.

git pull

git pull --rebase <remote> - Fetch the remote’s copy of current branch and rebases it into the local copy. Uses git rebase instead of merge to integrate the branches.

git push

git push <remote> --force - Forces the git push even if it results in a non-fast-forward merge. Do not use the --force flag unless you’re absolutely sure you know what you’re doing.

git push <remote> --all - Push all of your local branches to the specified remote.

git push <remote> --tags - Tags aren’t automatically pushed when you push a branch or use the --all flag. The --tags flag sends all of your local tags to the remote repository.


git branch -a - List branches

git tag - view local tags

git ls-remote --tags origin - view remote tags

git checkout -- - undo changes you made to specific files

git remote show origin - show details of repository


For notes regarding git and Heroku, please see Heroku Notes

If no longer require Heroku Git repository

git remote

shows multiple repositories


Remove Heroku

git remote remove heroku




Remove .DS_Store from git

Ensure .DS_Store is in global ignore (see above).

Then remove from git:

find . -name .DS_Store -print0 | xargs -0 git rm -f --ignore-unmatch

Remove .DS_Store

find . -name '.DS_Store' -type f -delete

Git Config Error

cd /Users/jv/Desktop/MyDevelopment/github/repo-react;
. /Users/jv/Desktop/MyDevelopment/github/repo_shell_scripts/mac/git/config
objc[43625]: Class AppleTypeCRetimerRestoreInfoHelper is implemented in both /usr/lib/libauthinstall.dylib (0x1f9335eb0) and /Library/Apple/System/Library/PrivateFrameworks/MobileDevice.framework/Versions/A/MobileDevice (0x1085b44f8). One of the two will be used. Which one is undefined.


Actually, /usr/lib/libauthinstall.dylib does not exist.


sudo xcode-select -r